What Is Orbit and Oculoplasty

Orbit and Oculoplasty is a branch of Eye Care commonly dealing with problems involving the supporting structures of our eyeballs. These include the Orbit, [which is the bony cavity which houses our eyeball and many other supporting structures like the muscles of the eyeball and important nerves] and the Eyelids and surrounding structures. The integrity and optimal functioning of these structures are extremely vital for the wellbeing of our eyes.

Common problems in oculoplasty are watering of your eyes, swelling over eyelids, change in the shape and position of the eyelids [Ptosis, Ectropion, Entropion], sunken eyes, crows feet, wrinkles, sagging of loose skin over eyelid [Dermatochalasis], Xanthelasma, etc.


You May Need Oculoplastic Correction If You Have Any Of These Symptoms

Benefits Of Oculoplastic Surgery

Oculoplastic Surgery is all meant to have a refreshed and a rejuvenated appearance. The surgery which can be performed both on your upper and lower eyelids, contributes much in terms of appearance.

Apart from cosmetic reasons, you can get an enhanced vision with Oculoplastic Surgery. Your eyebrows can be lifted up if needed to clear your vision.

Another important factor to consider is the aging lines that appear on your face or around the eye. This can be rectified with this surgery. Overall it gives you a refreshed appearance post surgery.

At Shekhar Eye Centre, you will be cared for by our team of experienced specialists who will address all your concerns and offer you the latest available treatment choices for all your Oculoplasty needs.


Common Eye Conditions Needing Oculoplastic Care


This is a condition where your upper eyelid droops over the eye which may gradually limit or completely block normal vision. The treatment option is suggested based on the severity of the Ptosis. If the condition is a result of aging factor or inborn, then most of it would be harmless. In cases where there is any underlying condition that has led to Ptosis, you will have to opt for the surgery.

Ectropion & Entropion

This is the condition where the lower eyelid droops away from the eye and outwards. Even though it’s not life threatening, you may feel uncomfortable and it may happen for one eye or even both the eyes. If the condition is mild, you may opt for artificial tears and ointments. But to get a full fledged and permanent solution of this, you will have to opt for the surgery.


Thyroid Eye Disease

It is a condition wherein the eye muscles, eyelids, tear glands and fatty tissues behind the eye become inflamed and cause it to become swollen and may make you uncomfortable. In severe cases, your vision may also be affected. The most preferred treatment option is the surgery that helps your eyelids to bring back to the normal function.

Eye Trauma

Your eyes are so sensitive that even a direct blow can damage it a lot and this leads to Eye Trauma. Not just confined to the eye, it may also impact your surrounding areas and may also cause severe complications. In minor cases of Trauma, applying cold to the affected area can help However, even in cases where trauma seems minor, every eye injury should be given medical attention prior to dealing with remedies.


Orbital Fractures

This condition is when there is a breakage in any one of the bones that are surrounding your eyeball. Basically the severity of the issue can be found based on the location of the fracture. It may also be termed as: Blowout Fracture, Orbital Rim Fracture and Compound Fractures. In mild cases surgery may not be needed. However, in case if it has affected the movement, function or placement of an eye, then Reconstructive Surgery is the option out.



Blepharospasm is a condition wherein the patient is unable to relax and open the eyelids. It results from many causes and if long standing, requires the use of Botox injections to relieve the symptoms.


Botox and Fillers Treatment

Age related cosmetic eye issues such as wrinkles around eyes, sunken eyes, crows feet, etc can be safely treated with the help of botox and fillers.



Chalazia are formed due to a blockage of the meibomian glands opening in the eyelids. This is usually preceded by a stye [Hordeolum Internum] which is caused usually due to constant had to eye contact [e.g constant eye rubbing]. The Chalazion consists of a pus-like substance which is surrounded by a thick wall. This thick wall prevents any antibiotics from having any effect on its resolution. Hence the treatment of this condition requires a minor surgical procedure [Incision and Curettage] to drain out the pus.



DR. Jyoti Sanghi


Dr Jyoti Sanghi, is Cataract and Oculoplasty & Aesthetic specialist at Shekhar Eye Centre. She has completed her MBBS from prestigious Topiwala National Medical College, Mumbai in 2008 and MS from Government Medical College, Baroda in 2013.

She did her super-specialization in Orbit, Oculoplasty and Ocular Oncology from renowned Aravind eye Hospital, Madurai 2013-2015, and post fellowship she worked there as a Medical Officer.

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